Workshop: Automated Vehicles Infrastructure

Workshop on Physical and Digital Infrastructure Requirements to Facilitate Safe and Efficient Operation of Automated Vehicles in Mixed Traffic

Research questions

What are the requirements from the physical and digital infrastructure to facilitate safe and efficient operation of automated vehicles in mixed traffic? How would these requirements change as the penetration level of automation increases?

Which research methodologies and data collection methods are useful for answering these questions?

Infrastructure requirements for mixed traffic

Vehicle manufacturers are aiming at introducing higher levels of automated driving on public roads by 2020. However, the minimal design requirements from the physical and digital infrastructure, are not yet clearly defined. Vehicle manufacturers tend to find their own solutions and road operators are insecure about renewing or replacing current infrastructure. Defining these minimal design requirements necessitates research into the capabilities and limitations of different automation functionalities on different road conditions and road network levels, as well as research into the nature of interactions between vehicles at different automation levels (including manually driven vehicles).

This first part of the workshop will present the state of the art of automated driving systems and automated vehicles and the current research needs with respect to defining the requirements from the physical and digital infrastructure, and understanding the implications of mixed traffic on traffic flow efficiency and safety.

Interactive session

Tackling such a complex and multidisciplinary problem requires close dialogue among vehicle manufacturers, road operators, academia and knowledge institutes. In this interactive session we will brainstorm about most urgent research questions, research methodologies, data collection methods, and existing data sources. We will provide insight in their usefulness to address current challenges and questions that road operators face with respect to the minimal requirements from the physical and digital infrastructure.

Lessons learned

In this workshop you will learn about the most urgent research questions and the needed research methodologies to define the minimal requirements from the physical and digital infrastructure. These will be illustrated by best practice examples from recent research and evaluation studies.

What’s in it for me

This workshop is intended to bring together and inspire experts from the vehicle industry, road operation, academia and knowledge institutes for defining the research road map towards infrastructure and automated vehicles together.

Organisers

Dr.ir. Haneen Farah is an assistant professor at the Department of Transport & Planning at TU Delft. She received her PhD in Transportation Engineering from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in 2009. Before joining TU Delft, she worked as a post-doctoral researcher at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden. Her research interests include the implications of road geometric design on road user behaviour and traffic safety, road user behaviour modelling, and safety evaluation methods. She combines expertise in transportation engineering, with her curiosity in the fields of human factors and econometrics to study these connections. She is currently examining the implications of the advances in vehicle technology and automation on the road geometric design and road user behaviour.
Peter Morsink, MSc is a project manager and senior expert in road safety and traffic management at Royal HaskoningDHV since 2008. He is a mechanical engineer, graduated in biomechanics and computational mechanics. Since 1998 Peter has developed into an all-round road safety consultant through a wide range of assignments on different types of road safety projects. Before joining Royal HaskoningDHV, Peter worked at the Dutch research institute TNO Automotive (6 years) and SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research (5 years). He has gained a lot of international experience in executing and managing research and consultancy projects in the field of vehicle and infrastructure safety, (inter)national road safety policy and Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). In these areas he has been active as a lecturer in road safety training programs and he has written and presented many papers at international conferences (e.g. TRB, ETC, ITS World, Stapp, SAE, CIECA). In his current position he is involved in many projects on road safety and traffic management from different perspectives (infrastructure, technology, autonomous vehicles, education), on both a strategic and operational level, in the Netherlands and abroad.
Tom Alkim has almost 20 years of experience in the field of ITS, C-ITS and automated driving, and has been a constant factor for Rijkswaterstaat in exploring the opportunities to improve their primary processes in general and active traffic management in particular by looking for innovative solutions. Not for the sake of innovation itself but to improve traffic flow in the Netherlands in terms of throughput, safety and environmental impact. Tom is a member of the national working group on automated driving that’s responsible for realizing the Dutch Minister’s ambitions regarding connected and automated driving. This includes the Declaration of Amsterdam and the EU Truck Platooning Challenge during the Dutch Presidency of the EU in 2016. One of Tom’s responsibilities is the knowledge agenda which can be found online.

Speakers

Arjan van Vliet is working on a cleaner and safer road traffic at the Netherlands Vehicle Authority – RDW. RDW is a public agency of the ministry infrastructure and environment. Increasing road traffic causes congestion, environmental and social challenges. Only traditional measures such as the expansion of the road network seem inadequate. By connecting information and communication technologies from vehicles, roads and back offices significant contribution for the environmental and road safety can be achieved. Arjan is an engineering from the Technical University of The Hague, he speaks six languages and has been working almost his entire working life in the mobility sector. His current position is senior advisor strategy at RDW. In the past year he worked intensively on Dutch council presidency. The connected and automated ride for the transport ministers in Amsterdam and truck platooning challenge were the highlights. In a world of petrol heads, Arjan travels preferably by bicycle.
Prof. Sandra Erkens is the principal specialist in pavement materials and structures at Rijkswaterstaat, the Dutch highway authority. Besides this position, she is a full professor, holding the Chair of Pavement Engineering Practice, at Delft University of Technology. She is an internationally acknowledged expert in pavement materials and structures in general and asphalt concrete in particular. She has coordinated the cooperation of research organizations, among others as a member of the FEHRL (Forum for European Highway Research Laboratories) executive committee and as Program Team member for InfraQuest, the cooperation between Rijkswaterstaat, TU Delft and TNO building in the Netherlands. Prof. Erkens is a member of national and international groups involved in developing technical requirements for pavement materials and in several (inter)national organizations for the dissemination of research. These include the ISAP technical committee on Constitutive Modelling of Asphalt Concrete, the organization committee of the two yearly Dutch conference on Infrastructure (CROW-infradagen) and the organizing committee of the 4th International Chinese European Worskshop on Functional Pavement Design. She has been involved in road engineering research since 1997, has published over a hundred papers on her work and is a regular reviewer for conferences and journals on the topic.
Evert Klem, BSc works at Royal HaskoningDHV since 2005, as an expert on traffic management, road safety and human factors. He graduated as traffic engineer in 1988. He started working as a consultant and was involved in the development of dynamic traffic management, incident management and road safety. After his move to Traffic Test Evert got more experienced in human factors. Since Traffic Test became part of Royal HaskoningDHV in 2005 Evert used his knowledge in several innovative projects as Roads to the Future and Fileproof. The last five years the development of advanced driver assist systems and autonomous vehicles became part of his daily business. Evert was member of the team that wrote the report for the Dutch Ministry about how autonomous vehicles can influence road design. He also supported two Master students of the Delft University, under supervision of Prof. Bart van Arem, both regarding the effect of intelligent vehicles on traffic behaviour and road capacity.
Hilke van Strijp-Harms is the team leader Smart Mobility at Witteveen+Bos. After her study Civil Engineering in Delft she got involved in ITS and optimising road usage related projects. She has worked in Australia where she advised on the implementation of the Managed Motorways principle in Western Australia. The last years she is focussing on the impact of Smart Mobility on our infrastructure an traffic situation.
Dr.ir. Jaap Vreeswijk is Traffic Architect C-ITS at MAP traffic management since 2015. He graduated at the University of Twente as a civil engineer specialised in ITS and later received his PhD on travel choice behaviour. Jaap has over 10 years’ experience working on mainly international research, innovation and pilot projects dealing with connected and automated driving. The focus of his work has been the perspective of infrastructure and traffic management, for example new opportunities, changes to the role and the introduction of new requirements. Jaap’s expertise and interest are in the design and evaluation phases, where the concept of operation is developed, the relevance to society is determined, and theory and practice should converge.
Isabel Wilmink obtained her Master’s degree in Civil Engineering in 1995. Since then, she has worked as a traffic and transportation researcher at TNO. Her main areas of interest are scenario and evaluation studies, traffic modelling, and the assessment of traffic efficiency, safety and environmental effects of transport policies. Isabel currently works on several projects focusing on the impacts of connected, cooperative and automated driving systems.
Robbin Blokpoel is working in the ITS industry for over 10 years. He has worked on traffic control algorithms, sensor technologies and traffic management innovations mainly focused on Cooperative ITS. He has been involved in many European research projects like CVIS, eCoMove and MOBiNET and is currently the coordinator of the MAVEN project.